Accuracy and precision

The terms accuracy and precision are often confused or misunderstood.  But every scientist, forensic or otherwise, should understand what they mean.  In simple terms, ‘accuracy’ relates to how closely the value comes to the real score or true value (being ‘on target’). ‘Precision’, on the other hand, relates to the consistency of the value in repeated testing.  Any given test, statistic or process may produce results that are one or the other, both or neither.
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